By Admin | Last Updated September 04, 2019
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country, surrounded by Germany in the west, Austria in the south, Slovakia in the east and Poland in the north. The Czech Republic was formally formed on 1st of January 1993. Prague is the capital of Czech Republic. The Republic is also known as Czechia. About 10.6 million tourists visited the Czech Republic in 2018, more the half a million above the number of visitors in 2017. Incidentally, the population of The Czech Republic is also about 10.6 million. The tourist influx is mainly from Germany, making up about 20% of the total, followed by the Slovaks, Polish and the Chinese. Tourists from the USA ranked a close 5th. Internal tourism is also on the rise as the number of Czech tourists and foreign tourists were the same. Booking.com has ranked The Czech Republic as the ‘second most welcoming country’, after Austria. Tourism and travel contributed to 7.8% to the GDP of The Czech Republic.
Though newly formed, The Czech Republic has a rich history of nearly a thousand years. Bohemia, a part of the The Czech Republic, was a force to reckon with in the medieval times. There are 14 UNESCO World Heritage sites in The Czech Republic. Apart from these, the regions of Bohemia and Moravia attract tourists.
Fairy tale medieval castles, national parks, beautiful small towns, historic cities, caves, waterfalls, forts, gardens and natural wonders are all part of The Czech Republic. There is something for everyone. While in The Czech Republic, enjoy and soak in nature. The modern cities and towns, both Baroque and Gothic, have a touch of medieval times in them. Visit the castles, churches, cathedrals. The natural spas are believed to have healing powers. Adventure seekers can have the thrill of kayaking, cycling, trekking, skiing or snowboarding, depending on the seasons. Bohemian history is all around with the charm of Moravia. The icing on the cake is Prague.
|Castles||There are more than 2000 castles in The Czech Republic. Many are in ruins but others are perfect and beautiful. Some of them are oldest in the world. Visit the castle in Prague, the largest in the world.|
|Architecture & History||The Czech Republic has a rich history. The importance of the Moravians and the Bohemians were quite significant in European history. Architecture developed under the many dynastic rules. Palaces and buildings were built in different styles. The towns are magical.|
|UNESCO World Heritage Sites||The 12 sites out of 14 are reasons enough to visit the country. The Czech Republic has more UNESCO sites than Egypt or Thailand or Austria. The sites here are not mere buildings but centers. Cesky Krumlov is an example with city as a whole as UNESCO site.|
|Spa||The spa towns in The Czech Republic are world famous. Mineral springs and natural therapeutic resources not only rejuvenate the body but the soul also. Karlovy Vary not only is a famous spa town but also host International Film Festival. Check out the beer themed spas at Prague.|
|Beer & Wine||The Czechs have the highest per capita consumption of beer in the world. The Czechs have been brewing beer for over a millennium now. Pilsner and Budweiser are famous. With over 19000 hectares of vineyards in Moravia, The Czech Republic is also a leader in fine wine.|
|Nature||The Czech Republic, though a industrialized nation, is a green one too. There are forests, parks, vast countrysides, spectacular landscapes, natural wonders. All these are just a little outside the cities.|
|Adventure||Hike or walk the trails, ski in the Alps, cycle along the picturesque villages, explore the deep caves and visit the natural parks.|
|Great Prices||The Czech Republic is cheaper than most other European countries. Good hotel rooms are available for around 50 Euros while you can satiate your hunger for only as 20 Euros. Beer, here, is the cheapest in Europe. Transportation tickets cost 4 Euros.|
|Location||Located in the heart of Europe, The Czech Republic is easily accessible. You can reach any other European city from Prague within a few hours. Add to that, the transportation system is great.|
|Peaceful & Safe||The Czech Republic is quite peaceful and safe country. Crime rate is low and the Global Peace Index rates The Czech Republic at the 10th position in its list.|
Schengen Visa is required to visit The Czech Republic. Online application can be made. The processing time is approximately 120 days from the date of the complete application is received (60 days in case of study). After the Embassy receives an approval of your application from the Czech immigration Police, you will be asked to deliver again your passport. The visa will be issued in approximately 3 days’ time.
The Czech Republic has different rules for tourists from EU countries and non-EU countries. Number of cigarettes/cigarillos, weight of alcohol & alcoholic beverages are different for EU members than non-EU members. Flowers, food, fruits and medicines are allowed. Other goods of no more than 430 Euros can be taken to The Czech Republic. Animal products are not allowed barring from EU countries and a few other countries. There is however no restrictions in taking out anything from The Czech Republic except heritage/historical materials for which prior approval are needed.
Currencies above 10000 Euros should be declared if travelling to or from countries, other than EU countries.
There is no Airport Tax.
Air – The Czech Republic is well connected by air, trains and buses. The capital city of Prague has direct air connections to all major European cities and also with Dubai, Seoul, Beijing, Shanghai, Moscow and New York. Prague’s Vaclav Havel Airport, at about 10 km from the city, is the main airport of The Czech Republic with many low cost airlines of Europe flying in and out of it. There are international airports in Brno, Karlovy Vary, Ostrava and Pardubice. But these small airports cater to European destinations only.
Train – Prague is the main link of the trains connecting The Czech Republic to other European nations. There are direct rail connections to Austria, Belarus, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Slovakia. The trains are comfortable with modern facilities and reliable. Train travel is also cheaper. Some smaller cities are connected by train to cities of Poland and Slovakia.
Bus – The position of The Czech Republic in central Europe has made it hub of international bus service. Buses run from nearly all countries in Europe. Buses ply from as far as Norway, Estonia and Russia.
Car – The Czech Republic can be accessed by car also. The Schengen Agreement which has made away with checkpoints at borders and good road conditions has made car travel easy in this central European country. You can go to The Czech Republic from any neighboring country by car.
Air – Only Ostrava is connected by air to Prague. But airfares are expensive and locals avoid this mode of transport. The national airline of The Czech Republic, CSA Czech Airlines, has terminated all national flights from January’2019.
Train – The Czech Republic is best travelled by train. Along with the national railways, there are other rail service providers. Almost all cities are inter-connected by the railways. The trains are modern, comfortable, reliable and above all, cheap. There are trains connecting the cities and also the city with its suburbs. Drinks and food offered on the trains are affordable. Tickets are available online as well as in counters.
Bus – Even the very small cities are well connected by the bus service. Buses are also comfortable, reliable and cheap too. The locals prefer bus service to the trains. Long distance buses offer entertainment, comfort and free water, tea or coffee.
Car – The Czech cities are well connected by road and you can visit different places by car. There are highways and smaller road too.
Cycle – The Czech Republic is a cycler’s paradise. Pleasant roads along beautiful villages with demarcated cycle tracks make cycling a unique experience. Moreover, trains and some buses have racks to carry the bicycles. But do not drink and drive or cycle. The law is harsh and there are routine checks.
For the adventurous, places in The Czech Republic can be visited on foot. You can get clearly defined and accurate maps. Roads are clearly marked and demarcated with road signs. Another way is hitchhiking though it is illegal on the motorways.
Spring – March to May is the spring season in The Czech Republic. This is probably the best time to visit the country as weather is excellent and pleasant, very little rainfall, the days are long and there are less crowds. The snows melt by March and flowers start blooming. The Czech countryside is quite attractive at this time. A number of festivals are held in this season.
Summer – June to August, the summer months are the main tourist season. Tourists flock to The Czech Republic as well as other European countries. The days are long and hot with rains in between. Remember to carry a raincoat or umbrella. Prices are higher for everything and important tourist attractions have long queues. But this is the best time to visit the small towns and national parks.
Autumn – The months of September and October are the fall season. This is also the best time to visit The Czech Republic as the weather is great, the crowds have thinned, the rains have subsided. There may be a little chill but now is the time for the spas. The thermal spas of Karlovy Vary are the go to place. Many festivals are held in this time.
Winter – From November to March, it is winter in The Czech Republic. The weather is cold with both rainfall and snowfall. Less tourists means more discounts. Barring the Christmas holidays, everything is cheaper. Visit during the Christmas as Prague, Brno or Olomouc has the finest markets selling different things.
The Czech Republic is a land locked country. The Mediterranean Sea is quite a distance away as is the North Sea. The climate is typical European continental. The summers are warm and dry with cold winters. Winter temperatures sometimes drop below the freezing point with cold winds and snowfall. The lowland areas also experience snowfall in winter. January is the coolest month. Summers are warm and mostly dry with July being the warmest month. May to September are the summer months which have warm days and cool nights though there can be sudden rains and thunderstorms. Rains are more in spring, autumns are wet and chilly with some sunshine too and winters cold with snowfall.
|Month||Temperature (Max / Min) in °C||Rainfall (Days / mm)|
|January||2 / -4||20 / 12|
|February||4 / -3||20 / 15|
|March||8 / 0||28 / 16|
|April||14 / 04||33 / 16|
|May||18 / 08||69 / 17|
|June||21 / 11||67 / 17|
|July||23 / 13||69 / 18|
|August||23 / 12||66 / 16|
|September||19 / 09||39 / 15|
|October||13 / 05||24 / 16|
|November||06 / 01||32 / 17|
|December||2 / -2||26 / 14|
The Czech Republic can be divided into two major regions – Bohemia and Moravia.
The middle of The Czech Republic is occupied by the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands. Natural beauty and greenery are the two main aspects here.